Dr Corinne Lennox

Contact details

Dr Corinne Lennox
BA (McMaster), MA (Essex), MSc, PhD (LSE)
Senior Lecturer in Human Rights
Institute of Commonwealth Studies
Senate House Malet Street London WC1E 7HU
020 7664 5582
Email address:

Research Summary and Profile

Research interests:
Communities, Classes, Races, Globalization & Development, Human rights, International Law, International Relations, Political Institutions
Africa, Asia, Europe, North America, South America
Summary of research interests and expertise:

Research interests include: human rights of ethnic, religious and linguistic minorities and indigenous peoples; civil society mobilisation; human rights and development; social mobilisation of Afro-descendants in Latin America; Dalits and caste-based discrimination; international relations and human rights; the role of international organisations in the protection of minority and indigenous rights.

Spoken Written
French Intermediate Good
Publication Details

Related publications/articles:

Date Details
01-May-2017 Human Rights, Minority Rights, Non-Discrimination and Pluralism: A Mapping Study of Intersections for Practitioners

Research aids

 Global Centre for Pluralism

01-May-2017 Foreword: Envisioning Global LGBT Human Rights: (Neo)colonialism, Neoliberalism, Resistance and Hope

Edited Book


01-Oct-2016 Global Governance on Minority Rights: Assessing the Participation of Non-State Actors (NSAs) in the UN Forum on Minority Issues

Conference papers

01-Oct-2016 UN Forum on Minority Issues


01-Mar-2016 Norm-entrepreneurship on caste-based discrimination


Lennox,C. (2016) “Norm-entrepreneurship on caste-based discrimination” in Caste Out of Development? The Cultural Politics of Identity and Economy in India and Beyond, David Mosse and Luisa Steur (eds.), Abingdon, Oxon: Routledge.

01-Dec-2015 Introduction


Lennox, C. and Short, D. (2015), "Introduction", in Corinne Lennox and Damien Short (eds.), Routledge Handbook of Indigenous Peoples’ Rights, Abingdon, Oxon: Routledge.

01-Dec-2015 Routledge Handbook of Indigenous Peoples’ Rights

Edited Book

Co-edited with Damien Short (ICS)

01-Jul-2015 Minority and Indigenous Peoples' Rights in Urban Areas


Lennox, C. (2015), "Minority and Indigenous Peoples' Rights in Urban Areas", in Minority Rights Group International (ed), State of the World's Minorities and Indigenous Peoples 2015, London: Minority Rights Group International.

01-Mar-2015 The role of international actors in norm emergence: supporting Afro-descendants’ rights in Latin America


Kymlicka, W. and Boulden, J. (eds.) (2013) International Approaches to Manageing Ethnic Diversity, Oxford: Oxford University Press.

01-Jan-2014 Some cross-cutting issues and their policy implications


Vandenhole, W., Lennox, C., Gready, P. and Stokke, H. (2014), Some cross-cutting issues and their policy implications”, in Human Rights and Development in the new Millennium: Towards a Theory of Change, Paul Gready and Wouter Vandenhole (eds), Abingdon, Oxon: Routledge.

01-Jun-2013 Addressing Health Inequalities in the post-2015 Development Framework


Lennox,C. (2013),‘Addressing Health Inequalities in the post-2015 Development Framework’, in State of the World’s Minorities and Indigenous Peoples 2013, London: Minority Rights Group International.

01-Jan-2012 Human Rights, Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity in the Commonwealth: Struggles for Decriminalisation and Change

Edited Book

Co-edited with Matthew Waites (Glasgow)

01-Jan-2012 Natural Resources Development and the Rights of Minorities and Indigenous Peoples


State of the World's Minorities and Indigenous Peoples 2012. London: Minority Rights Group International.

01-Jan-2012 Good Practice in Combating Discrimination in Access to Education and Health: International Norms and Local Strategies


A Resource Paper for the Indian Institute of Dalit Studies

01-Jan-2012 Sexual Orientation, Gender Identity and Human Rights in the Commonwealth: Struggles for Decriminalisation and Change

Edited Book

Co-edited with Matthew Waites (Glasgow)

01-Jan-2011 Introductory study: Civil society organisations and the international protection regime for minorities

International Journal of Minority and Group Rights, Vol. 18, No. 2 (co-authored with Anna-Maria Biro)

01-Jan-2011 Inclusion of Afro-descendents in ethnic data collection: towards visibility

International Journal of Minority and Group Rights, Vol. 18, No. 2 (co-authored with Carlos Minott)

01-Jan-2011 Minority Women and the Millennium Development Goals

State of the World’s Minorities and Indigenous Peoples 2011, London: Minority Rights Group International

01-Jan-2010 Marginalised Minorities in Development Programming: a UNDP Resource Guide and Toolkit

New York, NY: United Nations Development Programme

01-Jan-2010 Religious Minorities and the Millennium Development Goals

State of the World’s Minorities and Indigenous Peoples 2010, London: Minority Rights Group International

01-Nov-2009 Reviewing Durban: Examining the outputs and forthcoming review of the 2001 World Conference Against Racism

Netherlands Quarterly of Human Rights, Vol. 27, No. 2

01-Jan-2007 Canada Profile

World Directory on Minorities and Indigenous Peoples, London: Minority Rights Group International (contributing author)

Publications available on SAS-space:

Date Details
Working Group II on Human Rights and Development Tools: Policy Briefs


AHRI members of COST Action IS0702 on the role of the EU in UN Human Rights reform have established since 2009 a specific Working Group II of researchers focused on the sub-topic of human rights and development tools, including a particular focus on EU and UN institutions.

The Human Rights Based Approach and Development Agendas: Bridging the Gap


A human rights-­‐based approach (HRBA) to development is a cross-­cutting approach that can strengthen existing development commitments by underpinning them with a universal standard of achievement for both process and outcome. The HRBA also has a legally-­binding basis that can help protect people from harms as they move towards the realisation of the right to development. This policy brief will give a summary of how the HRBA and current global development agendas are complementary and mutually reinforcing. It will also highlight some ways in which current global development agendas are being used to harm or ignore human rights.

Sexual orientation, gender identity and human rights in the Commonwealth: from history and law to developing activism and transnational dialogues


Conclusion: comparative analysis of decriminalisation and change across the Commonwealth


Human Rights, Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity in the The Commonwealth: Struggles for Decriminalisation and Change.


Human rights in relation to sexual orientation and gender identity are at last reaching the heart of global debates. Yet 78 states worldwide continue to criminalise same-sex sexual behaviour, and due to the legal legacies of the British Empire, 42 of these – more than half – are in the Commonwealth of Nations. In recent years many states have seen the emergence of new sexual nationalisms, leading to increased enforcement of colonial sodomy laws against men, new criminalisations of sex between women and discrimination against transgender people. "Human Rights, Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity in The Commonwealth: Struggles for Decriminalisation and Change" challenges these developments as the first book to focus on experiences of lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender and intersex (LGBTI) and all non-heterosexual people in the Commonwealth. The volume offers the most internationally extensive analysis to date of the global struggle for decriminalisation of same-sex sexual behaviour and relationships

Nov-2015 Introduction


Nov-2015 Notes on Contributors


Consultancy reports:

Date Details
2007 Achieving the Millennium Development Goals for Minorities: A Review of MDG Country Reports and Poverty Reduction Strategies

Addendum to the Annual Report of the UN Independent Expert on minority issues, UN Doc. A/HRC/4/9/Add.1

Government/policy work:

Date Details
2010 Marginalised Minorities in Development Programming: a UNDP Resource Guide and Toolkit

New York, NY: United Nations Development Programme

2005 The Millennium Development Goals: Helping or Harming Minorities?

Working Paper requested by the UN Working Group on Minorities, Eleventh Session, June 2005. UN Doc E/CN.4/Sub.2/AC.5/2005/WP.4

2004 An Examination of Approaches by International Development Agencies to Minority Issues in Development.

Working Paper requested by the UN Working Group on Minorities, Tenth Session, March 2004. UN Doc E/CN.4/Sub.2/AC.5/2004/WP.5

2002 Minority Rights and Development: Overcoming exclusion, discrimination and poverty

Working Paper requested by the UN Working Group on Minorities, Eighth Session, May 2002. UN Doc E/CN.4/Sub.2/AC.5/2002/WP.6

Research Projects & Supervisions

Research projects:

COST Action IS0702: The Role of the EU in UN Human Rights Reform

Joint research project with members of the Association of Human Rights Institutes; member of Working Group 2 on Development and Human Rights

UK Aid Connect - Addressing Lesbian, Gay, and Bisexual and Transgender Inclusion

 HIVOS (NL) Led: In five leading African cities LGBT+ communities are more resilient and experience greater socio-economic inclusion and wellbeing, and less poverty. At all levels, people and institutions acknowledge and respect the human rights of LGBT+ people. Societal leaders have taken tangible steps to secure and safeguard the socio-economic inclusion of LGBT+ people.

All five cities – Lagos, Dakar, Maputo, Nairobi and Lusaka – are dynamic, rapidly growing economic centres, that significantly influence the norms and culture in their respective countries. Jointly these cities have an estimated 25 million inhabitants. The change we can realise here, is likely to impact societal attitudes, knowledge and practices on a national and even regional scale. In each of these cities, we focus on three key target groups that can help bring about profound and lasting impact: societal leaders, media and LGBT+ people and their organisations. LGBT+ people also are the ultimate and intended beneficiaries.

Our programme will result in a reduction of stigma, discrimination and violence based on sexual orientation and gender identity and expressions, and an increase of socio-economic inclusion of LGBT+ people in workplaces, religious communities, political settings, and other relevant spaces and therefore reduce poverty levels among LGBT+ people. At the same time the programme will improve the resilience of LGBT+ persons and organisations. We will have specific attention for the additional barriers lesbian, bisexual and transgender women face.

Current PhD topics supervised:

Dates Details
From: 01-Oct-2012
Connie Sozi - The legal reality that faces indigenous communities’ land rights in Kenya

Doctoral supervisor (joint)

From: 01-Oct-2012
Esther Ojulari - Minority Rights in a Mestizo Nation: Realising the Right to Education for Afro-descendants in Latin America

Doctoral Supervision (joint)

From: 01-Oct-2012
Karen Hunte - The Political Sociology of the British Caribbean Population

Doctoral Supervision (joint)

Past PhD topics supervised:

Dates Details
From: 01-Jan-2010
Climate Crisis and the Network Society: Changing sovereignty, perimeter denial technologies and a divergence in global social mobility

Co-supervisor with Prof. Mark Levine (Southampton)

Available for doctoral supervision: Yes

Professional Affiliations

Professional affiliations:

Name Activity
Essex Human Rights Alumni Association
Indian Institute of Dalit Studies
Association of Human Rights Institutes
Dalit Solidarity Network-UK
UK Network on Minority Groups and Human Rights
Associate Editor, International Journal of Human Rights
Fellow, Human Rights Centre, University of Essex,
International Studies Association


Name Type Activity Start date End date
International Dalit Solidarity Network + Dalit Solidarity Network - UK Policy-related network - domestic and international Advisor 01-Mar-2010
Brunswick/Bloomsbury film project Event and teaching related collaboration Advisor 07-Jan-2010 01-Dec-2010
Relevant Events

Related events:

Date Details
08-Jul-2015 Human Rights Research Students’ Conference

This conference is co-organised by the Human Rights Consortium at the School of Advanced Study, University of London and the Human Rights Centre at the University of Essex.

03-Jun-2015 Human Rights Research Soup

The Human Rights Consortium at the School of Advanced Study, University of London and the Human Rights Researchers Network is pleased to announce the first Human Rights Research SOUP event! This is an exciting new opportunity for graduate students to pitch ideas for their human rights research project to an audience of their peers and win funding. What is a SOUP? Started in Detroit, the SOUP is a community-based event to crowd-source funding for projects that will benefit the local community. People pay a small entry fee to hear individuals pitch their project ideas to the local audience. The audience discusses the proposals over a simple meal of ‘soup’ and then vote for their favourite project. That project wins the proceeds generated from the entry fee to kick-start their winning idea. What is a Human Rights Research SOUP? Students doing an MA/MSc/LLM dissertation in human rights over the Summer term 2015 are invited to apply to pitch their research idea to an audience of their peers. 5 students will have 5 minutes each to share their project idea. Other students and human rights researchers attending the SOUP will vote on their favourite. The winner will receive the entrance fee proceeds to fund their dissertation research this summer. The winner will produce a short piece on the outcomes of their research and make their dissertation available to the wider human rights research community via the Human Rights Consortium website and promoted in the Human Rights Researchers Network Newsletter.

18-Feb-2015 Key Questions in Human Rights: Debates for a New Wave of Advocates

What are the human rights challenges of the future? This free, one-day event seeks to introduce and expand upon key questions at the cutting edge of several human rights issues. Attendees have previously expplored the rights of refugees to seek asylum, environmental destruction and its links to human rights, and challenges to human rights in the developing world. This year, key debates around the following issues will be explored: •Children's Rights •Genocide •Human Rights in Latin America This conference is free to attend and attendees are encouraged to come for one panel or as many sessions as they wish.

04-Feb-2015 ‘Examining gaps in the UDHR: Minority rights and LGBT rights protection’

Invited presentation, Human Rights in the Modern Day Commonwealth: Magna Carta to Commonwealth Charter, Commonwealth Parliamentary Association-UK, London, UK, 3-6 February 2015.

30-Sep-2014 2014 AHRI Human Rights Conference -

On 29-30 September, The Danish Institute for Human Rights and the Faculty of Law, University of Copenhagen hosted 200 participants for the 2014 AHRI Human Rights Research Conference titled "Human Rights Under Pressure: Exploring norms, institutions, and policies". The conference brought together participants from over 100 different institutions around the world to engage within human rights research. 90 presentations and a number of plenary sessions took place during the conference highlighting various areas within human rights.

14-Apr-2014 Dr. Ambedkar: an Innovator in Human Rights’

Invited presentation, Dr. Bhimrao Ambedkar’s 123rd Birth Anniversary Celebration, High Commission of India, London, UK, 14 April 2014

09-Sep-2013 AHRI's 14th Annual Conference ‘Emerging Research in Human Rights’

The 14th Annual Conference of the Association of Human Rights Institutes (AHRI) took place in London on 9 and 10 September 2013 and was generously hosted by The Human Rights Consortium, School of Advanced Study, University of London. The objective of the conference was to stimulate an open-ended discussion about the themes and activities to be pursued within the AHRI network in the years to come. To this aim, all AHRI members were invited to suggest topics for workshops, and as a result a number of workshops covering a diverse range of topical themes convened during the conference. Experts opened the sessions on both days with thematic panels in plenary. Please find below a description of each workshop and the summaries from the workshop discussions, which also include suggestions for future avenues as well as contact detail of the workshop chairs. The conference concluded with the annual AHRI Assembly Meeting, followed by a reception hosted by the Centre for the Study of Human Rights, LSE.

10-Jun-2013 Norm Entrepreneurship on Caste-Based Discrimination

Department of Legal Studies, Central European University

01-Jan-2012 The Internationalisation of Dalit and Adivasi Activism

The Internationalisation of Dalit and Adivasi Activism
25-26 June 2012
Senate House, University of London

Jointly organised by the Institute of Commonwealth Studies, University of London and the Department of Anthropology and Sociology at SOAS.

This inter-disciplinary conference aims to advance social scientific understandings of key dimensions of the internationalisation of Dalit and Adivasi activism that has gained momentum in the past two decades. These dimensions include the accountability of activists, conflicting or competing frames, divergent interventions by international actors, and the influence of emerging international norms on domestic norms. This conference seeks to discuss aspects of the internationalisation of both types of activism, with three major foci:

The relationship between international and national/local activism: How do constraints in the international system differ from those faced by Dalit and Adivasi activists domestically? How have different constraints shaped activism and mobilisation at different levels?

The role of international organisations: How do international organisations navigate caste-based discrimination and the specificity of indigenous rights? Do international organisations take different approaches?

Connections between Dalit, Adivasi, and other networks in international fora: How have activists cooperated or competed with each other on the international stage? What lessons have they learned from each other? Does the existence of diaspora groups make a difference for the strategies followed by the activists?

01-Jan-2012 The realisation of Human Rights in India: A colossal challenge

Speaker: Miloon Kothari, Convenor, Working Group on Human Rights in India and the UN

Mr. Kothari is also the coordinator of the South Asian Regional Programme of Habitat International Coalition’s Housing and Land Rights Network and is founding member of the International NGO Committee on Human Rights in Trade and Investment (INCHRITI). Mr. Kothari was the UN Special Rapporteur on adequate housing (2000-2008).

In May 2012 the United Nation’s Human Rights Council, the UN’s highest policy making inter-governmental body on human rights, conducted a comprehensive peer-review (called the Universal Periodic Review) of India’s human rights record. The preparation for this review by civil society groups and independent human rights institutions, including the national human rights commission, has clearly demonstrated that India faces an adverse and deepening human rights crisis. This crisis ranges from violations of civil and political rights (including torture, extra-judicial killings, disappearances, the prevalence of intense levels of violence against women, tribals, Dalits, minorities, children) to violations of economic, social and cultural rights (malnutrition, very high levels of maternal and child mortality, continued prevalence of high rates of poverty, large-scale internal displacement, lack of adequate housing for the vast majority of low-income people). The lecture will also outline progressive policies and laws in existence in the country. An attempt will be made to identify the solutions to the human rights crisis including how to overcome the many obstacles that prevail including reasons for the lack of adequate implementation of laws and policies that are human rights based.

01-Jan-2012 AHRI's 13th Annual Conference Empower Human Rights

Final Conference of the COST Action IS0702
“The Role of the EU in UN Human Rights Reform”
13th AHRI (Association of Human Rights Institutes) Conference
10 – 12 September 2012
Hotel Schloss Wilhelminenberg, Vienna

01-Jan-2011 “Africa and People of African Descent: Issues and Actions to Re-Envision the Future”, Howard University

Organised panel and paper presentation on theme of “The Role of International Organizations in the Promotion and Protection of Afro-descendants’ Rights”, with Professor Gay McDougall, former UN Independent Expert on minority issues, as Chair.

01-Jan-2011 AHRI's 12th Annual Conference, "The right(s) moment is now!"

The Association of Human Rights Institutes (AHRI), consists of 32 member institutions that carry out research and education in the field of human rights. The objective of AHRI is to promote research, education and discussion in the field of human rights.

01-Jan-2011 LGBT Rights in the Commonwealth: Historical Legacies and Contemporary Reforms

Collaboration with the Commonwealth Human Rights Initiative on a 1-day research conference to feed into internaitonal advocacy on LGBT rights in Commonwealth states.

01-Jan-2011 London Debates 2011: The Future of Human Rights in a non-Western World

Co-convenor of conference to review the impact of rising power states on the international protection regime for human rights.

01-Jan-2011 Changes in Caste Hierarchies in Rural India and Their Political Implications

Interdisciplinary conference jointly organised by the Indian Institute of Advanced Study, Yale University and the University of London’s School of Advanced Study.

01-Jan-2010 International Approaches to Governing Ethnic Diversity: Security, Democracy and Minority Rights

Invited conference paper: 'The role of international actors in norm emergence: Afro-descendants in Latin America'

01-Jan-2010 The Commonwealth Conference 2010: Citizenship in the Commonwealth - what does it mean?

Paper presentation: Dalits and Global Citizenship: Transnational Mobilisation on Caste-Based Discrimination in the Commonwealth

01-Jan-2010 International Studies Association Annual Convention

Presentation of a conference paper: ‘Transnational mobilisation of Afro-descendants in Latin America: Shaping a new rights regime through norm entrepreneurship’

01-Jan-2009 OXFID - Oxford Forum for International Development

Keynote speaker at Conference- 'A Critical Introduction to a Human Rights-Based Approach to Development'

01-Jan-2009 Recovering Stolen Generations, Land, and Culture: Indigenous Rights & Truth Commissions

Invited panel presentation: 'Transnational Mobilisation by Indigenous Peoples: The Indigenous Influence in the International Sphere'

01-Jan-2008 Alumni Conference on the Occasion of the 25th Anniversary of the Human Rights Centre, University of Essex

'Human Rights and Development'. Invited panel presentation, Human Rights: Interpretation and Implementation

Knowledge transfer activities:

Fordham University Graduate School of Social Service, International Symposium on Inter-disciplinary Human Rights Practice

Fordham University Graduate School of Social Service is pleased to host the First International Symposium on Interdisciplinary Human Rights Practice. The Symposium is designed to provide participants with a unique opportunity to gain knowledge of contemporary social issues and the application of skilled practice using human rights principles. The Symposium is committed to creating an opportunity for meaningful exchange around human rights practice at multiple levels. Symposium participants represent a wide range of practice professionals, policy makers, faculty and students.

Minority Rights Summer Course

Middlesex University, Lecture on Minority Rights and the MDGs

International norms against caste-based discrimination: strengthening domestic capacities for advocacy and research

I used the Knowledge Transfer Grant to share my research on the evolution of international norms on caste-based discrimination with academics and activists in both India and the UK. I was based in New Delhi for 5 weeks over April and early May 2012. I built a new relationship between the School of Advanced Study/Institute of Commonwealth Studies and the Delhi-based Indian Institute of Dalit Studies. I co-organised an international and inter-disciplinary conference on the internationalisation of Dalit and Adivasi Activism. I produced a new policy paper on non-discrimination in access to health and education. I trained grass-roots activists on Dalit rights in international norms and comparative movements. I continue to work with the UK Dalit Solidarity Network in developing a capacity-building workshop for UK domestic activists on international mechanisms for combating caste-based discrimination.

International Training Program: HR4DEV - Human Rights for Development

The training programme consists of a general part (two weeks on human rights and development), and a thematic part (two weeks on children's rights and globalization). It targets 'leaders of the future' in practice, policy and academia, from South and North.

HR4DEV is a joint initiative of two Flemish interuniversity partnerships: the Flemish Interuniversity Research Network on Law and Development (LAW&DEV) and the Children's Rights Knowledge Centre (KeKi), in cooperation with the Institute of Development Policy and Management (University of Antwerp).

Decade of Dalit Rights at the UN

Presentation and strategic advice to global planning meeting on 2011-20: Decisive Decade against Discrimination
based on Work and Descent

International Consulation on Caste-Based Discrimination: Good Practices for Eliminating Caste-Based Discrimination

With the aim to enhance international, national, and local engagement to eliminate caste-based discrimination, the International Dalit Solidarity Network (IDSN) is organising an International Consultation on “Good Practices and Strategies to Eliminate Caste-based Discrimination” in Kathmandu, Nepal, on 29 November -1 December 2011. I will be attending as a rapporteur, declaration drafting committee member, and workshop facilitator.

International Dalit Solidarity Network annual meeting

Presentation and strategic advice: 'Transnational norm entrepreneurship on caste-based discrimination'

UN Forum on Minorities 2010

Prepared the draft recommendations of the UN Forum on Minority Issues on the theme of effective participation of minorities in economic life.

Consultancy & Media
Available for consultancy:
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